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Mahalanobis National Crop Forecast Centre, New Delhi
An Attached Office under Dept. of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare
Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Government of India

FASAL (Forecasting Agricultural output using Space, Agro-meteorology and Land based observations)

Under the operational component of FASAL programme of Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, MNCFC regularly generates crop forecasts at District/State/National level for 8 major crops of the country, using the procedures developed by Space Applications Centre, ISRO. Both optical and microwave Remote sensing data is used for crop area enumeration, crop condition assessment and production forecasting. In the year 2015-16, all total 16 forecasts were generated for 8 crops, such as Jute, Kharif Rice, Sugarcane, Cotton, Rapeseed & Mustard, Rabi Sorghum, Wheat and Rabi Rice.

  • National/State level crop production forecasts were generated using multi-date AWiFS NDVI product (56 m resolution) and multi date RISAT-1 SAR data (18m resolution)

  • Around 1080 RISAT-1 Scenes were analysed for Paddy (Kharif and Rabi) and Jute.

  • In collaboration with State Remote Sensing Centres (16) District level crop production forecasts were generated for all crops using high resolution data (LISS III/Landsat 8/Sentinel 2)

  • More than 8500 ground truth points were collected by state agriculture departments using Smartphones during Kharif and Rabi Season 2015-16.

  • Generation of Remote Sensing based CCE (Crop cutting experiment) plan for conducting CCE. Around 1100 CCE points were collected in 12 states.

  • Estimation of Yield, using multiple approaches, i) semiphysical remote sensing based model (for R&M and Wheat) ii) Remote Sensing index based yield models (sugarcane & cotton), iii) correlation weighted district level Agromet model of IMD, iv) Crop simulation model by IMD, and v) data obtained from crop cutting experiments (for Rice).

  • Study of impact of white fly on Cotton crop in Punjab and Haryana in the year 2015.

  • FASAL Review Meet was conducted, attended by representatives of State Agrl. Depts, State RS Centres, ISRO, IMD, IEG & DACFW.

Crop No. of States Forecast Satellite data Date of Forecast
Jute 3 F1 RISAT-1 MRS 11 Jul 2015
Rice (K) 14 F1
F2
F3
RISAT-1 MRS 02 Sep 2015
07 Oct 2015
04 Feb 2016
Cotton 9 F1
F2
AWiFS
LISS III
24 Nov 2015
23 Dec 2015
Sugarcane 5 F1
F2
AWiFS
LISS III
11 Jul 2015
23 Dec 2015
Rapeseed & Mustard 6 F1
F2
F3
AWiFS
AWiFS
LISS-III/Sentinel2/Landsat-8
31 Dec 2015
01 Feb 2016
11 Mar 2016
Rabi Sorghum 2 F1 LISS III/Sentinel 2 01 Feb 2016
Wheat 9 F1
F2
F3
AWiFS
AWIFS
LISSS III
01 Feb 2016
11 Mar 2016
18 Apr 2016
Rice (R) 5 F1 RISAT-1 MRS 13 Apr 2016