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Mahalanobis National Crop Forecast Centre, New Delhi
An Attached Office under Dept. of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare
Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Government of India

FASAL(Forecasting Agricultural output using Space, Agro-meteorology and Land based observations)

Under the operational component of FASAL programme of Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, MNCFC regularly generates crop forecasts at District/State/National level for 9 major crops of the country, using the procedures developed by Space Applications Centre, ISRO. Both optical and microwave Remote sensing data is used for crop acreage estimation, crop condition assessment and production forecasting. In the year 2017-18, total 17 forecasts were generated for 9 crops, such as Jute, Kharif Rice, Sugarcane, Cotton, Rapeseed & Mustard, Rabi Sorghum, Wheat, Rabi Pulses and Rabi Rice.

  • National/State/District level crop production forecasts were generated using multi-date AWiFS NDVI product/LISS-III/Sentinel 2/ Landsat-8 and multi date Sentinel 1A SAR data for acreage estimation and estimation of crop yield, using multiple approaches, i) semi-physical remote sensing based model ii) Remote Sensing index based yield models iii) correlation weighted district level Agromet model of IMD iv) Crop simulation model by IMD and v) data obtained from crop cutting experiments.

  • Around 490 Sentinel 1A SAR scenes were processed and analyzed for Paddy(Kharif).

  • Collaboration with State Agriculture Department and State Remote Sensing Centers to carry out the data analysis, crop cutting experiment and ground truth data collection.


  • 11469 ground truth points were collected by state agriculture departments using Smartphones during Kharif and Rabi season 2017-18.

  • Generation of Remote Sensing based CCE (Crop cutting experiment) plan for conducting CCE. Around 708 CCE points were collected in 12 states in 2017-18.

  • First time Sentinel 1 C band SAR data (Spatial Resolution 20m, Temporal Resolution 12 days, VV polarization mode) was used for Kharif Rice (2017-18) area estimation.

  • FASAL annual review meeting was conducted on 24th May 2018, under the chairmanship of Principal Adviser, DAC&FW.

  • Transfer of operational approach of yield model by IMD to MNCFC.

Crop No. of States Forecast Satellite data Forecast Month
Jute 03 F1 AWiFS / LISS III / Landsat 8 / Sentinel 2 July
Kharif Rice 14 F1
F2
F3
Sentinel 1 A SAR September
October
February
Sugarcane 06 F1
F2
AWiFS / LISS III / Landsat 8 / Sentinel 2 July
December
Cotton 09 F1
F2
AWiFS / LISS III / Landsat 8 / Sentinel 2 November
December
Rabi Sorghum 02 F1 LISS III / Landsat 8 / Sentinel 2 February
Rapeseed & Mustard 06 F1
F2
F3
AWiFS / LISS III / Landsat 8 / Sentinel 2 December
January
February
Wheat 09 F1
F2
F3
AWiFS / LISS III / Landsat 8 / Sentinel 2 January
February
March
Rabi Pulses 06 F1
F2
AWiFS / LISS III / Landsat 8 / Sentinel 2 April
May
Rabi Rice 05 F1 Landsat 8 / Sentinel 1 & 2 April