Welcome to Mahalanobis National Crop Forecast Centre of Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers welfare, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Government of India. The Centre, named after great Indian Statistician P. C. Mahalanobis has been established to operationalize the use of space and related technology for better agricultural forecasting and drought assessment. It was inaugurated on 23rd April, 2012 by Hon'ble Agriculture Minister.
Under the operational component of FASAL programme of Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, MNCFC regularly generates crop forecasts at District/State/National level for 9 major crops of the country, using the procedures developed by Space Applications Centre, ISRO. Both optical and microwave Remote sensing data is used for crop acreage estimation, crop condition assessment and production forecasting. In the year 2017-18, total 17 forecasts were generated for 9 crops, such as Jute, Kharif Rice, Sugarcane, Cotton, Rapeseed & Mustard, Rabi Sorghum, Wheat, Rabi Pulses and Rabi Rice.
Under the Mission of Integrated Horticulture Development (MIDH), the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers’ Welfare has initiated the project CHAMAN (Coordinated Horticulture Assessment and Management using geoiNfromatics) for assessment and development of Horticulture through Remote Sensing & geo-informatics. The project is being implemented by Mahalanobis National Crop Forecast Centre (MNCFC) in collaboration with ISRO/DOS Centres (SAC, NRSC & NESAC), NHRDF, IMD, ICAR, State Horticulture Departments and State Remote Sensing Centres.
NADAMS project, developed by National Remote Sensing Centre, provides near real-time information on prevalence, severity level and persistence of agricultural drought at state/ district/sub-district level.Currently, it covers 17 states of India, which are predominantly agriculture based and prone to drought situation (Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telengana, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal).
Under the National Food Security Mission (NFSM), the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers’ Welfare has initiated the project Crop Intensification: Mapping and Monitoring of Post-Kharif Rice Fallow Lands using Satellite Remote Sensing and GIS Technologies for Rabi Crop Area Expansion” for two years 2016-17 and 2017-18. The project is being implemented by Mahalanobis National Forecast Centre (MNCFC) in collaboration with National Remote Sensing Centre, Hyderabad. This Programme is being carried out in six study states Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal, Which area known for the existence of major post kharif rice fallow lands and their potential for growing rabi crops. Satellite derived thematic layers, spectral indices; weather and soil related data are key data sets in this project.
In order to optimize the number of Crop Cutting Experiment under PMFBY pilot studies have been executed by 9 agencies/organizations in 11 states on 4 major crops.